Dental disease is a global issue. Nearly every person in the world has some form of oral health concerns, with only 26% having perfect teeth and gums.
Periodontal disease can be the result of a number of factors such as the accumulation of plaque and calculus, poor dental habits, genetics and aging. A variety of methods are used to diagnose periodontal disease including clinical examination, radiographs, probing depths, bleeding on probing and radiographic evidence. Treatment usually consists of professional scaling and root planing (scaling and root planing) associated with therapeutic mouth rinses or other medications that are designed to eliminate the infection.
The most common form of tooth decay is dental caries or cavities. “Caries” is a Latin word meaning “rottenness”.
1 It is estimated that roughly 675 million people in the world suffer from dental caries, and another 2.2 billion have untreated cavities.1
Periodontal disease is an inflammation of tissues around the teeth or gums, or both. It can manifest as a localized thickening of the tooth’s gums that prevents chewing food and causes pain when chewing and speaking. It may also affect other areas of the mouth including the tongue, cheeks, and lip areas. In addition to causing pain it may cause decreased salivation, bleeding when cleaning teeth and bleeding after brushing teeth with hard toothbrushes. Periodontal disease may also result in tooth loss, loosened teeth and gum recession.
The most common procedures in this category include clear and ameloblasty, dentures, gum surgery and orthooblasia surgery. Dental disease can impact a person’s overall health and well being, as well as their social lives and ability to work.
Certain surgical techniques can result in movement of teeth, increased sensitivity to cold or pressure, bleeding on probing and tissue loss with no obvious reason. Untreated dental disease can result in tooth loss, gum recession and make it uncomfortable or painful to eat or speak.